The AFTA agreement was signed in Singapore on 28 January 1992. When the AFTA agreement was originally signed, ASEAN had six members: Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Vietnam joined the country in 1995, Laos and Myanmar in 1997 and Cambodia in 1999. The AFTA now includes the ten ASEAN countries. The four laggards had to sign the AFTA agreement for ASEAN membership, but were given longer delays in complying with THE AFTA tariff reduction obligations. Ministers also addressed the issue of cross-border crime and welcomed the agreement between ASEAN and China on non-traditional security issues and stressed the need for cooperation in the fight against terrorism, particularly within the framework of the ASEAN-U.S. Counter-Terrorism Work Plan and other related agreements. ASEAN members have developed and adopted an action plan to promote the implementation of SEANWFZ. The plan aims to strengthen regional coordination as opposed to nuclear weapons and to strengthen regional participation in relevant international agreements. As part of the action plan, States agree to continue the implementation of IAEA protection agreements and adherence to the Convention on Early Notification of Nuclear Accidents and Regional Emergency Plans.

In addition, States have agreed to consider adhering to other relevant instruments, such as the CTBT and the Convention on Combating Terrorism in Nuclear Weapons. At the 2nd East Asia Summit, members signed Cebu`s Declaration on East Asian Energy Security and the Agreement, which sets non-binding targets for methods to bring “reliable, appropriate and affordable” energy to the future and to develop alternative energy sources such as biofuels. Discussions focused on deepening integration, which focused mainly on two economic initiatives: the launch of a study on a Comprehensive Economic Partnership in East Asia (CEPEA) and the review of Japan`s proposal for an Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA). The EAS also attempted to improve its relations with China by signing an agreement on trade in services. On 11 and 14 January, the 12th ASEAN Summit, postponed due to Typhoon Seniang, took place amid a controversy over corruption and over-pricing of lamps that illuminate roads to and between peaks. On the first day of the summit, ASEAN signed five agreements: a declaration for a community of care and sharing, a declaration on the ASEAN Charter plan, a declaration on accelerating the creation of an ASEAN community by 2015, an ASEAN declaration on the protection and promotion of the rights of migrant workers and the ASEAN Convention on Combating Terrorism (ACCT).